Economia

Cosa è “scientifico”

Questo mi porta a chiudere il cerchio con Beatrice e Sidney Webb, i fondatori della London School of Economics and Political Science, dove Besley e Burgess lavorano, i quali hanno sostenuto esattamente la visione opposta, dicendo che “ciò che è più urgentemente necessario… è un’estensione del forte braccio della legge a protezione dei lavoratori oppressi nelle difficili trattative” (Webb and Webb 1902, p. xvii). I Webbs hanno sostenuto i salari minimi, il determinare un limite massimo delle ore lavorative, e un consistente aumento del potere dei lavoratori di contrapporsi per metter fine al parassitismo dei datori di lavoro, e spingendo per portare la “democrazia” nell’industria attraverso i sindacati e la contrattazione collettiva.  E questo è quanto, per il progresso dell’ economia.

 

Bibliografia

 

Baccaro, L. and D. Rei. 2007. ‘Institutional determinants of unemployment in OECD countries: does the deregulatory view hold water?’ International Organization 61 (3): 527-569.

 

Besley, T. and R. Burgess. 2004. ‘Can labor regulation hinder economic performance? Evidence from India.’ Quarterly Journal of Economics 119 (1): 91-134.

 

Besley, T. and R. Burgess. 2019. Economic Organisation and Public Policy Programme (EOPP) Indian States Datahttp://www.lse.ac.uk/economics/people/personal/eopp-indian-states-data

 

Bhattacharjea, A. 2006. ‘Labor market regulation and industrial performance in India. A critical review of the empirical evidence.’ The Indian Journal of Labor Economics 49 (2): 211-232.

 

Botero, J., S. Djankov, R. La Porta, F. Lopez-de-Silanes and A. Shleifer. 2004. ‘The regulation of labor.’ Quarterly Journal of Economics 119: 1339-1382.

 

Chatterjee, U. and R. Kanbur. 2015. ‘Non‐compliance with India’s Factories Act: Magnitude and

patterns.’ International Labor Review 154 (3): 393-412.

 

D’Ippoliti, C. 2018. ‘‘Many-citedness’: citations measure more than just scientific impact.’ INET Working Paper No. 57. New York: Institute for New Economic Thinking. https://www.ineteconomics.org/uploads/papers/WP_57-DIppoliti-revised.pdf

 

D’Souza, E. 2010. ‘The employment effects of labor legislation in India: a critical essay.’ Industrial Relations Journal 41 (2): 122–35.

 

Ferguson, T. and R. Johnson. 2018. Research Evaluation in Economic Theory and Policy: Identifying and Overcoming Institutional Dysfunctions. Policy Brief to the G20 Argentina. Discutibile su: https://www.g20-insights.org/policy_briefs/research-evaluation-in-economic-theory-and-policy-identifying-and-overcoming-institutional-dysfunctions/

 

Howell, D., D. Baker, A. Glyn and J. Schmitt. 2007. ‘Are protective labor market Institutions at the root of unemployment? A critical review of the evidence.’ Capitalism and Society 2 (1): 1-73.

 

IMF. 2016. ‘Time for a supply side boost? Macroeconomic effects of labor and product market reforms in advanced economies.’ World Economic Outlook 2016. Washington, DC: IMF. pp. 101–142.

 

Jayadev, A. and A. Narayan. 2018. ‘The evolution of India’s industrial labor share and its correlates.’ CSE Working Paper 2018-4. Azim Premji University: Centre for Sustainable Employment.

 

Kanbur, R. and L. Ronconi. 2016. ‘Enforcement matters: the effective regulation of labor.’ CEPR Discussion Paper No. 11098. Disponibile su: https://cepr.org/active/publications/ discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=11098

 

Karak, A. and D. Basu. 2019. ‘Profitability or industrial relations: what explains manufacturing performance across Indian states?’ Development and Change, forthcoming.

 

Roychowdhury. 2014. ‘The labor market flexibility debate in India: Re‐examining the case for signing voluntary contracts.’ International Labor Review 153 (3): 473-487.

 

Storm, S. and J. Capaldo. 2018. ‘Labor institutions and development under globalization.’ INET Working Paper No. 76. New York: Institute for New Economic Thinking. https://www.ineteconomics.org/uploads/papers/WP_76-Storm-and-Capaldo-Final.pdf

 

Vergeer, R. and A. Kleinknecht. 2012. ‘Do flexible labor markets indeed reduce unemployment? A robustness check. Review of Social Economy 70 (4): 1-17.

 

Webb, S. and B. Webb. 1902. Problems of Modern Industry. New York, NY: New World

 

World Bank. 2005. World Development Report 2005: A Better Investment Climate for Everyone. Washington, DC: World Bank.

 

World Bank. 2008. Doing Business: An Independent Evaluation Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.

 

 

Servaas Storm è un economista e saggista olandese (Università di Delft); lavora nel campo della macroeconomia, del progresso tecnologico, della distribuzione del reddito & crescita economica, finanza, sviluppo e riforme strutturali e cambiamento climatico.

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